Turkey is among the most productive countries in the world because it has the perfect ecological conditions needed by the Pistachio. In recent years, mass production has started to shift to the Aegean Region and in particular to Manisa and its districts. Pistachio orchards are now very well established in this region and a Pistachio orchard investment is proving very lucrative for our investors.
In Turkey, a very popular farmland investment is the Pistachio, which is commonly known as the 'gold tree' or 'green gold'. The Pistachios yield a high income for the producer/investor over the years and are eventually sold for a very good price.
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Pistachio is currently cultivated in an area of approximately 11.1 million hectares in the world. This includes the Near East, the Mediterranean Region and the western regions of Asia.
According to figures of 2020, the country with the highest production is Iran with 825,286/ha. The second highest producer is the United States of America with 106,837/ha, then Turkey with 70,087/ha.
Although Pistachio production is cultivated in other countries, namely China, Syria, Greece, Afghanistan, Tunisia, Spain and Italy, the top 3 countries named meet 96% of the total production.
While Iran ranks first for production per hectare, the United States of America ranks first in yield with 4,190 kg / ha, followed by Turkey with 3,424 kg / ha and China with 3,283 kg / ha. Iran only ranks 7th with a yield of 668 kg/ha coming after Greece, Afghanistan and Italy.
When the price of Pistachio is analysed by country, the USA, which is the largest supplier, averaged $8.325/ton in 2020. European countries such as Spain, Italy, France and Turkey averaged $9,350/ton.
Taking into account this data, when the Pistachio investment reaches the peak yield, it has the highest return among agricultural products.
All procedures/work required for the land preparation.
The production of 416 pieces of tissue cultures per hectare, (10,000 sqm) set at a 6m*4m planting distance.
The drilling or water source requirement for the land.
Modern drip irrigation system.
Installation of power supply or solar panel.
Secure wire fencing to prevent entry to your land.
Professional maintenance service, (including electricity, fertilizer and personal expenses).
The investor receives full title deeds with 100% of the share belonging to him/her.
All relevant services offered to the investor, including legal transactions, are provided by Agrolidya.
Almond, Pistachio, Walnut or Olive seedlings suitable for the region are planted during the most beneficial planting period.
During the cultivation, all tasks (tillage, irrigation, maintenance and pruning) are carried out by a Professional Agricultural Engineer.
From the 3rd or 4th year, the first harvest will mature, meaning it has completed its growth and is ready to yield.
The harvest is sold by Agrolidya for the best price available and the proceeds are paid to the investor.
Variety of Pistachios
In Turkey, Pistachio is known as the 'gold tree' or 'green gold'. The Pistachios yield a high income for the producer/investor over the years and are eventually sold for a very good price.
Turkey produces a wide variety of Pistachios as shown below;
Long:This is the most common variety grown in Turkey and is produced in the Gaziantep region. It is widely used in the food industry and is famous world wide for the taste. Despite its small size, it matures later than other varieties, but still produces a higher yield.
Red:This is cultivated mainly in the high parts of the Gaziantep region. It is a preferred choice for many growers because it has an earlier maturity date.
Siirt: Siirt Pistachio are cultivated in the Siirt and Şanlıurfa regions. They are very popular due to their large grains and high laurel rate.
Aleppo:This variety grows in hot regions and is utilized in the dried nut and food industries.
Tekin: Due to its large size and late maturity date, the Tekin is mainly eaten as dried nuts.
Ucb1 Pistachio Rootstock Features
This variant is the newest and most popular rootstock for Pistachio. It is cultivated in the field in spring and can be grafted just 3-4 months later. Alternatively, it can be cultivated in the summer season and grafted the following autumn. This grafted variety grows rapidly, so the first crop can mature in the 4th year.
In recent years, the grafts made on the tissue culture production UCB1 pistachio rootstock, developed by the University of California, have become widespread. This graft adhesion rate reaches 95%, so the crop yields earlier and produce greater quantity.
Soil-based Phytophthora is a rootstock that is very resistant to fungal diseases, nematodes and salinity. It is also very resistant to the cold and has a very strong rooting structure.
UCB1 rootstock has the largest cultivating areas in industrial Pistachio production and is only be grown in tissue culture laboratories.
Pistachio producers prefer the tissue culture for various reasons. For example, the crop will be disease-free, possess a very fast rooting ability and are very resistant to root diseases and salinity.